Artichokes need full sun, but can thrive and flourish in partial shade also. They need full sun for two reasons: direct sunlight is necessary to reap a good crop, and the sun helps to dry up excess moisture. Constantly sitting in moisture damages the crown and root system of the artichoke, which leads to the death of the plant. However, don’t go overboard with sun, since more than 8 hours may lead to parched soil, which can harm artichokes. Aim for a minimum of 6–8 hours of full sun per day for the best possible results and a delicious harvest.
Table of Contents
How Many Hours of Sun Do Artichokes Need?
Artichokes need 6–8 hours of direct sun each day to grow to their full potential. However, they do not tolerate heat very well, so make sure you provide some afternoon shade if you live in an area where temperatures consistently rise above 90℉ (32℃).
- Artichokes should have at least 6 hours of full sun per day.
- In very hot climates, give your artichoke plants direct sun during the morning and provide afternoon shade.
- In cool climates, you can give your plants up to 8 hours of full sun.
If you live in a climate that is very hot, consider giving your artichokes the majority of their sunlight during the morning, and then providing some protection from the sun during the afternoon. In cooler climates, artichokes will appreciate being in the sun for a full 8 hours or more.
Can Artichokes Grow in Indirect Sunlight?
Artichokes can grow in indirect sunlight, but they will thrive best in at least 4 hours of full sun. 6 hours of full sun is ideal, but your artichoke plants should do fine in indirect sunlight as long as they receive approximately 4 hours of direct sun.
- Artichokes can grow in indirect sunlight.
- Artichokes will thrive best if they are given at least 4 hours of full sun on a daily basis.
- Artichokes are very adaptable.
- In most cases, you can still expect a good crop if your artichokes get only indirect sunlight.
Artichokes are actually considered noxious weeds, although they are tasty ones, and like most members of their family, they are very adaptable. Therefore, you don’t have to worry too much if you can only provide artichokes with indirect sunlight. In most cases, there won’t be a big difference in the crop you get.
Can Artichokes Grow in Shade?
Artichoke plants can grow in shade, and they likely won’t die, but you will probably be unhappy with the results. Artichokes grown in shade do not grow as large as those grown in full sun.
- Artichoke plants can survive in shade.
- Artichokes deprived of the sun may develop an unnaturally bitter taste.
- When grown in shade, artichokes usually don’t flower.
- Plants will be much smaller if not exposed to full sun.
Additionally, artichokes may develop an abnormally bitter taste if they are not exposed to sunlight. Plus, the plants may be unusually small. Finally, artichokes grown in shade will not typically flower. For the best results, provide at least several hours of full sun per day or an entire day of indirect sunlight.
What Happens if Artichokes Don’t Get Enough Sun?
Artichokes that don’t get enough sun may not have the taste you are used to, and they may fail to flower. This all depends on exactly how much sun they are deprived of. For example, you will probably be dissatisfied with your artichoke crop if you try to grow them without giving them any sun exposure at all.
- Artichokes that are sun-deprived may not develop their usual flavor.
- You may end up with smaller plants if your artichokes are sun-deprived.
- Aim for a minimum of 4 hours of full sun a day for the best results.
However, if they just get a little less than they need, you may not even notice the difference. Smaller plants and an unusually bitter taste are telltale signs that your artichokes definitely need more sun. Aim for at least 4 hours of direct sunlight a day, but 6–8 will guarantee the best results.
Can Artichokes Get Too Much Sun?
Although artichoke plants are native to desert areas where the sun is strong, too much sunlight will quickly lead to wilting and sun scorch. Despite being native to hot climates, artichokes are not very drought-resistant.
- Excessive sun exposure leads to artichoke wilting and sun scorch.
- Soil may dry out under excessive sun exposure, which will stress your artichoke plants.
- Brown spots or wilting may be signs of excessive sun exposure.
- Artichokes that grow very slowly may need protection from the sun.
- Protect sun-scorched artichokes with this row cover.
If excessive sun exposure dries out the soil where your artichokes are planted, they will become stressed and will eventually fail. If you notice wilting or brown spots on the plants, they are receiving too much sun. Similarly, if your artichokes are growing far too slowly, this may be due to sun overexposure. Provide a bit of shade in the afternoon to remedy these problems.
- Winter protection for your plants and crops.
- Lightweight and breathable material.
- Can also be used to encourage rapid seedling growth.
How Much Sun Do Artichokes Require?
Artichokes must have some full sun for the best results, but can survive in partial shade as well. There are several reasons artichokes need full sun: they require direct sunlight to grow to their full potential, and the sun helps keep the soil from staying too moist. To provide ideal sun for your artichoke plants, follow these tips:
- Artichokes need 6–8 hours of full sun per day.
- Artichokes can survive in partial shade, but should never be planted in full shade.
- Excessive moisture in shady locations can damage the crown and root system of the artichoke plant.
- Dry soil and extreme heat are also harmful to artichokes.
- Give artichokes plenty of sun but provide afternoon shade when temperatures rise above 90℉ (32℃).
- If your artichoke is wilting or growing very slowly, provide afternoon shade.
When you balance conditions for your artichokes, they will grow vigorously. They need plenty of sun, but struggle in overly wet or dry environments. Once they’re planted in a sunny spot in your garden, monitor them for signs of heat stress in case they need a little shade in the summer. You’ll be rewarded with an incredible harvest of edible artichokes.