Onions require 1 inch (2.5 cm) of water per week. However, these needs vary depending on the climate where you live, and how much natural rain falls. Because it is often difficult to predict exactly how much rain will fall in any given week or precisely how high temperatures may run, the best way to make sure you are giving your onions enough water is to test the soil. Onions are plants that dry out quicker than most vegetables, yet they are also susceptible to root rot. Therefore, both under-watering and overwatering are equally as dangerous.
How Much Water Do Onions Need Per Day?
Onions need 1 inch (2.5 cm) of water each week. It is not necessary to water onions on a daily basis. Testing the soil is the best way to determine if it is time to water your onions again.
- Onions do not need daily watering.
- Water your onions once a week for the best results.
- The “knuckle test” is the best way to determine if it’s time for weekly watering.
Most experts recommend using the “knuckle test.” This is accomplished by pushing your finger into the soil up to your first knuckle. If you feel dry soil at the tip of your finger, you should give your onions their weekly watering.
How Do You Water Onions?
You can water onions with a hose, but do not use an overhead approach. Instead, aim the water at the base of the plant. This can be hard to control when using a sprinkler, so sprinklers are not recommended. Water your onions early in the morning whenever possible. If you water during the heat of the day, most of the water may evaporate. Avoid evening watering as well: the foliage may remain wet throughout the night. This can make your plants more susceptible to fungus and other diseases that thrive on dampness.
- Aim the water at the ground rather than watering from the top.
- Avoid using a sprinkler.
- Water onions in the morning whenever possible.
- Don’t water onions during the heat of the day or in the evening.
Drip tape irrigation can also be used. Place the tape in the center of the onion bed at a depth of 4 inches (10 cm). Leave 12 inches (30 cm) between emitters. Generally speaking, when the top of the bed has considerably darkened with moisture, your onions have been watered to the correct depth.
Do Onions Like Wet or Dry Soil?
Onions do not like soggy or dry soil. They thrive in soil that is consistently moist. Overly wet soil and dry soil are both dangerous to your onion harvest. To produce a high yield, onions must be protected from both overwatering and under-watering.
- Onions prefer moist, but not soggy soil.
- Onions need a perfect balance between dry and wet soil.
Unlike some plants that will tolerate one type of soil a bit more than another, your onion plants will not discriminate. They will do just as poorly in soil that is allowed to dry out as soil that is overly moist.
Can You Overwater Onions?
You can overwater onions just as you can overwater any plant. Overwatering onions quickly leads to root rot and the proliferation of fungal diseases. You should cut back on watering if yellow foliage appears or if the tops start dying back. The bulbs and roots of your onion plants will rot if this situation is not remedied.
- Onions can be overwatered.
- Root rot and fungal diseases may occur if you overwater your onions.
- Tops dying back and yellow foliage are signs of overwatering.
- If root rot occurs, onion plants cannot be saved.
- If your onions can still be salvaged, allow the soil to completely dry out to a depth of 2 inches (5 cm).
Unfortunately, it is not possible to save onion plants once root rot has set in. However, if you see yellowing foliage or the tops begin to die back, there is still time to salvage your onion plants. This is done by allowing the soil to completely dry out down to a depth of 2 inches (5 cm) before watering again.
How Do You Know If Onions Need Water?
Onions that do not get enough water will be abnormally small and not as tasty as onions that were watered effectively. Additionally, the bulbs might split underground and form two bulbs if the soil is too dry. Unfortunately, since the bulb grows in the ground, you cannot assess them on a daily basis without digging them up.
- Drooping foliage and cracked roots are signs of under-watering.
- Under-watered onions can be saved if you give them a good soaking and carefully monitor them from then on.
The signs you should look for are cracked roots and drooping foliage. Onions have shallow roots, so you can push the soil away just slightly to look for cracks. Drooping foliage will be evident by its appearance. If the soil is too dry, your onion plants can still be saved provided you don’t allow the problem to continue. If you determine that your onions need water, simply give them a good soaking and carefully monitor the roots and foliage to ensure they are once again being watered adequately.
Do Onions Require Lots of Water?
Onions require substantial water. However, the soil should not be allowed to become overly moist.
- Onions require 1 inch (2.5 cm) of water per week.
- Onions do not thrive in soil that is too dry or too moist.
- Water onions in the morning at the ground level.
- Root rot and yellow foliage are signs of overwatering.
- Under-watered onions may have cracked roots and drooping foliage.
- Overwatered onions can be saved if root rot has not yet taken hold.
- Under-watered onions can be saved by immediately soaking the soil and carefully monitoring them from then on.
Onions are surprisingly easy to grow, so try your hand at this tasty vegetable this year. Although it may seem daunting to grow onions, as long as you provide them with moist soil and small amounts of water, you’ll obtain a great harvest.